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BREAKING! Putin Prepares Russia For Post-Putin Era: We Need Stronger Parliament And Weaker President


Russia is a huge country, and every region has its specifics, problems and experience Of course, this must be taken into account

I believe it is necessary to cardinally increase the role of governors in decision-making at the federal level As you know, back in 2000 the State Council was restored at my initiative, where the heads of all regions participate Over the past period the State Council has proven its high effectiveness; its working groups provide for the professional, comprehensive and qualified examination of issues that are most important for people and Russia I believe it would be appropriate to fix the status and role of the State Council in the Russian Constitution Russian society is becoming more mature, responsible and demanding

Despite the differences in the ways to address their tasks, the main political forces speak from the position of patriotism and reflect the interests of their followers and voters At the same time, almost all the parties represented in the State Duma – and you know that I have regular meetings with their leaders – believe that the Federal Assembly is ready to take more responsibility for forming the Government I expected this round of applause, but I think you will have another opportunity for applause now; please listen until the end More responsibility for forming the Government means more responsibility for the Government’s policy I completely agree with this position

What is the situation like now? In accordance with articles 111 and 112 of the Russian Constitution, the President only receives the consent of the State Duma to appoint the Prime Minister, and then appoints the head of the Cabinet, his deputies and all the ministers I suggest changing the procedure and allowing the State Duma to appoint the Prime Minister of the Russian Federation, and then all deputy prime ministers and federal ministers at the PМ’s recommendation At the same time, the President will have to appoint them, so he will have no right to turn down the candidates approved by the Parliament All of this means drastic changes to the political system However, let me repeat, considering the maturity of our main political organisations and parties as well as the reputation of civil society, I believe these proposals are justified

This will increase the role and importance of the State Duma and parliamentary parties as well as the independence and responsibility of the Prime Minister and other Cabinet members and make cooperation between the representative and executive branches of government more effective and substantive Colleagues, I would like to emphasise that our country, with its vast territory, complex federal and administrative division and diverse cultural and historical traditions, cannot properly advance and even exist sustainably as a parliamentary republic Russia must remain a strong presidential republic The president must undoubtedly retain the right to determine the Government's tasks and priorities, as well as the right to dismiss the prime minister, his deputies and federal ministers in case of improper execution of duties or due to loss of trust The president also exercises direct command over the Armed Forces and the entire law enforcement system

In this regard, I believe another step is necessary to provide a greater balance between the branches of power In this connection, point six: I propose that the president should appoint heads of all security agencies following consultations with the Federation Council I believe this approach will make the work of security and law enforcement agencies more transparent and accountable to citizens The principle of appointment following consultations can be applied to regional prosecutors as well Currently, they are appointed in coordination with regional legislative assemblies

Colleagues, this may lead to certain, including informal, obligations towards local authorities and ultimately to the risk of losing objectivity and impartiality As to the territories' position regarding a prosecutor candidacy in the constituent entities of the Federation, it can be considered during consultations in the Federation Council, which is in fact the chamber of the regions We cannot have different local legislative systems in different regions; the prosecutor is a supreme authority who exercises control over the execution of laws irrespectively of any regional circumstances I am confident that a greater independence of prosecution agencies from local authorities would be beneficial for citizens regardless of the region Colleagues, let us always be governed by the interests of our people

And my seventh and final point: the judicial system – the Constitutional and Supreme courts – plays a key role in ensuring legality and citizens’ rights I would like to emphasize, along with judges’ professionalism, their credibility should be unconditional as well Being fair and having a moral right to make decisions that affect people’s lives have always been considered of paramount importance in Russia The country’s fundamental law should enshrine and protect the independence of judges, and their subordination only to the Constitution and federal law At the same time, I consider it necessary to stipulate in the Constitution the Federation Council’s authority to dismiss, on the proposal from the President, Constitutional and Supreme Court judges in the event of misconduct that defames a judge’s honour and dignity, as well as in other cases provided for by federal constitutional law, that make it impossible for a person to maintain the status of a judge

This proposal is derived from the established practice This is something Russia definitely needs today Furthermore, to improve the quality of domestic legislation, to reliably protect citizens' interests, I propose strengthening the role of the Constitutional Court, namely: to verify, at the President’s request, the constitutionality of draft laws adopted by the Federal Assembly before they are signed by the head of state We might also think about extending the powers of the Constitutional Court to evaluate not only laws, but also other regulatory legal acts adopted by various authorities at the federal and regional levels for compliance with the Constitution Colleagues, аgain, the proposals made today, by no means limit the discussion around possible amendments to the Constitution

I am sure that public associations, parties, regions, the legal community, and Russian citizens will express their ideas The broadest public discussion is needed But, opening this discussion, I would like to give it a start in a certain direction, or at least to show what challenges we are facing Please, do not forget what happened to our country after 1991 After the collapse of the Soviet Union, we still had the same ambitions and of course have preserved the colossal potential – the human, intellectual, resource, territorial, cultural and historical potential, and so on

But there were also threats, dangers of a magnitude no one could have imagined ever before And that was a pity, as they should have thought about it in due time Therefore in our further state-building efforts, we are facing seemingly contradictory tasks that serve as a guideline for values and may appear incompatible at first sight What am I referring to? We must create a solid, reliable and invulnerable system that will be absolutely stable in terms of the external contour and will securely guarantee Russia’s independence and sovereignty At the same time, this system must be organic, flexible and capable of changing quickly in line with what is happening around us, and most importantly, in response to the development of Russian society

This system must ensure the rotation of those who are in power or occupy high positions in other areas This renewal is indispensable for the progressive evolution of society and stable development that may not be infallible but ensures that the most important thing – Russia’s interests ­– remains immutable What else do I consider important and would like to emphasise? The amendments that we will discuss do not concern the foundations of the Constitution and, hence, can be approved by Parliament in line with the existing procedure and law through the adoption of relevant constitutional laws At the same time, considering that the proposed amendments concern substantial changes in the political system and the work of the executive, legislative and judicial branches, I believe it necessary to hold a vote of Russian citizens on the entire package of the proposed amendments to the Constitution of the Russian Federation The final decision must be made only on the basis of its results

The opinion of people, our citizens as the bearers of sovereignty and the main source of power must be decisive In the final analysis everything is decided by the people, both today and in the future I am referring to both the choice of national development strategy and daily issues in each region, city or village We will be able to build a strong, prosperous and modern Russia only on the basis of unconditional respect for the opinions of the people, the opinions of the nation The current year of 2020 is a landmark in many respects

It is a transition to the third decade of the 21st century Russia is faced with breakthrough historical tasks and everyone’s contribution is important for resolving them Working together we are bound to change our lives for the better I often mention the word “together” because Russia means all of us I am referring not to the people present in this hall or rather not only to the people present in this hall but all citizens of this country because I believe that success is determined by our will for creation and development, for the implementation of the most ambitious plans, our labour for the sake of our families and loved ones, our children and their future, and hence, for the sake of Russia’s greatness and the dignity of its citizens

Thank you for your attention

Source: Youtube

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